In 1787, the United States of America was a new nation struggling to define its identity and governance. The 13 states were divided on many issues, including how to represent their citizens in the national government. This led to a great deal of debate and disagreement during the Constitutional Convention, with the smaller states fearing that they would be overshadowed by the larger ones.
To resolve this issue, the Great Compromise was reached. It balanced the interests of both small and large states, and led to the creation of the bicameral legislature system that we use today.
The Great Compromise established two houses of Congress: the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives is based on population, with more populous states receiving more representatives. Meanwhile, the Senate has an equal number of representatives for each state, regardless of its population.
This compromise was key in uniting the states and creating a system of government that respected the interests of all. It also helped to ensure that the larger states would not be able to dominate the smaller ones.
Another important aspect of the Great Compromise was that it allowed for the creation of a strong federal government, with the power to collect taxes, regulate trade, and make decisions for the good of the entire country. This helped to unify a diverse nation and establish its place on the world stage.
Overall, the Great Compromise was a crucial step in the development of the United States of America. It allowed for representation for all states, both large and small, and created a government that could effectively address the needs of the whole country. Through this compromise, the United States was able to emerge as a strong and united nation, with shared values and goals.